Travel guide to Tanzania + Zanzibar

Passports
Your passport must be valid for 6 months after your return date and have one blank page for an entry stamp. Soiled, damaged or defaced passports will not be accepted.
Visas
British, European & USA citizens require a visa but this can be purchased at the airport on arrival (approx $50 per person).
Health
Malaria tablets are recommended. Yellow fever inoculation is not compulsory unless you are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever transmission (eg Kenya), in which case a yellow fever certificate is required and must be carried with you. As tsetse fly and dengue fever are present, a good insect repellent and anti-histamine are advised. The mosquito that spreads dengue bites during the day and is more common in urban areas. Tsetse fly is associated with cattle. If you are prone to motion sickness, take tablets for your light aircraft flights. You should be up to date with your primary courses and boosters. Always check with your doctor at least 8 weeks before travel for any other inoculations recommended (eg Hepatitis A+B, Cholera, Diphtheria, Typhoid, Polio, Meningococcal Meningitis, Rabies and TB). Consult your doctor regarding the suitability of altitude sickness tablets if you are climbing Mount Kilimanjaro.
Currency
Tanzanian Shillings (TZS) – but tourists can use US dollars (USD) as long as they are issued from 2004. You can exchange currency at the airport on arrival, but you will not be able to exchange any surplus currency afterwards. Remember to ask for small denominations, which are useful for tipping. On Zanzibar Island, cash machines will only be found in Stone Town, so remember to stop there if you need to, before heading to your beach resort.
Language
English + Swahili
Time Zone
GMT + 3 hours
Travel Tips
To ensure that you have the best possible holiday experience, we ask you to read the following information carefully. If you have any questions, please discuss them with us before you depart. 
 
Cash - it is essential to take foreign currency in small denominations, and only exchange the amount you are likely to use, as you will not be able to change any surplus back into hard currency. Please be aware that US dollar bank notes issued before 2006 are no longer accepted in Tanzania. 
 
Hand Luggage – pack essential items for a day or two in your hand luggage, in case your bags go astray and take a few days to catch up with you, especially if you have any tight connecting flights. 
 
Baggage – if you are flying on a light aircraft, your luggage must be packed in soft sports bags, usually restricted to 15 kg. Rigid suitcases will not fit into the luggage pods and will be left behind. 
 
Documents – take a copy of your travel insurance policy with you, and leave a copy of your passport with a reliable contact at home, in case the originals are lost or stolen. 
 
Electronic Devices – ensure these are all fully charge before travel, as you may be required to switch them on at airport security. Any device that does not switch on cannot be checked in and must be surrendered. 
 
Mobile Phones – make sure they are set up for international calls and turn off data roaming to avoid nasty bills. Many hotels offer free Wi-Fi but be aware that some rural regions may not have cell phone coverage. 
 
Credit Cards – remember to inform your bank when travelling abroad. Credit cards are accepted in Zanzibar, but subject to a 5% surcharge. Always ensure you have cash when travelling in the countryside as some places may not accept them. 
 
Clothing – pack in layers according to the season. Take good walking shoes, a day pack, T-shirts, shorts, jeans, sunhat, swimming costume, sunglasses, sunscreen and flip-flops for the beach. Also long sleeved top or pashmina to cover your shoulders in Stone Town. Rain gear is needed during the wet season and light fleece in winter. Sanitising hand cleaner/wet wipes and eye drops can be handy, especially if you wear contact lenses. 
 
On safari wear light fabrics in neutral colours – khaki, green & brown are best. Avoid white, blue & bright colours, as these increase your visibility to the animals, and black which can get very hot. Pack lightweight but long sleeved shirts and long trousers to protect against mosquitos (safari clothing is ideal for this – at least 2 sets). Take a generous supply of insect repellent to spray on your neck, wrists and ankles and avoid using perfume, as this attracts mosquitos. Also pack a warm fleece, hat & gloves for evening game drives, which can get very cold even in summer. 
 
Accessories – pack your phone (with charger and a spare battery pack), camera (with spare memory cards and batteries – a 200 mm zoom lens is good for wildlife photography), torch and binoculars (large 8x40 is best). If you are a keen birder we suggest one pair per person, as it can be frustrating to share. 
 
Plugs – type G (flat 3-pin, same as UK) and type D. 
 
Books – pack a good travel guide, with information on the wildlife and birds of the region. Also a good supply of reading material for quiet evenings and when waiting for flights. 
 
Water – tap water is safe to brush your teeth, but drink only bottled water. 
 
Food – European food is served throughout the country. Vegetarians and food allergies are well catered for. 
 
Taxis – in cities only use regulated taxis, which are best ordered through your hotel. 
 
Self-Drive – driving is on the left, although we do not recommend self-driving in Tanzania. 
 
Safety – as this is a third-world country, take all sensible precautions. Leave valuable jewellery/watches at home, wear a money belt and be alert when outside your hotel. In particular, avoid taking out large wads of cash in public view and keep your spare cash in your hotel safe. 
 
Respect Local Customs - Zanzibar is a Muslim island, so wear modest clothing that covers your shoulders, arms and legs when away from your hotel - eg during a walking tour of Stone Town. 
 
Wild Animals – attacks by wild animals are rare, but we cannot guarantee that attacks will not occur so observe all sensible precautions. We cannot be held responsible for injuries caused during an incident with a wild animal. 
 
Tipping – this is voluntary and should depend on the level of service received. We suggest the following USD per couple (or local currency equivalent), but this can be reduced for longer stays: 
- overland driver/guide: $10 per day 
- city guide: $10 per day ($5 for half day) 
- game ranger/tracker: $5/$2 per game drive 
- tipping box for hotel staff: $2 per day 
- waiters: 10% if not already added to your bill 
- porters: $1 per bag. 
 
Zanzibar - a hotel tax of $1 per person per night is payable locally, as well as an airport departure tax of $1 per person.
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