Travel guide to Sri Lanka

Passports
Your passport must be valid for 6 months after your return date and have at least 1 blank page.
Visas
A compulsory e-visa must be purchased in advance of travel (£20 pp). It must be printed out and taken with you. It cannot be purchased on arrival.
Health
There are no compulsory health requirements, but dengue fever is present so a good insect repellent and anti-histamine are advised. The mosquito that spreads dengue bites during the day and is more common in urban areas. You should be up to date with your primary courses and boosters. Always check with your doctor at least 8 weeks before travel for any other inoculations recommended (eg Hepatitis A+B, Cholera, Diphtheria, Typhoid, Polio, Meningococcal Meningitis, Rabies and TB). There is no malaria or yellow fever in Sri Lanka.
Currency
Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR) - you can exchange currency at the airport on arrival, but you will not be able to exchange any surplus currency afterwards. Remember to ask for small denominations, which are useful for tipping
Language
Sinhala + Tamil, but English is widely spoken.
Time Zone
GMT + 5.5 hours
Travel Tips
To ensure that you have the best possible holiday experience, we ask you to read the following information carefully. If you have any questions, please discuss them with us before you depart. 
 
Cash - it is essential to take foreign currency in small denominations, and only exchange the amount you are likely to use, as you will not be able to change any surplus back into hard currency. 
 
Hand Luggage – pack essential items for a day or two in your hand luggage, in case your bags go astray and take a few days to catch up with you, especially if you have any tight connecting flights 
 
Baggage – if you are flying on a light aircraft, your luggage must be packed in soft sports bags, usually restricted to 15 kg. Rigid suitcases will not fit into the luggage pods but can follow by road 
 
Documents – take a copy of your travel insurance policy with you, and leave a copy of your passport with a reliable contact at home, in case the originals are lost or stolen 
 
Electronic Devices – ensure these are all fully charge before travel, as you may be required to switch them on at airport security. Any device that does not switch on cannot be checked in and must be surrendered 
 
Mobile Phones – make sure they are set up for international calls and turn off data roaming to avoid nasty bills. Many hotels offer free Wi-Fi but be aware that some rural regions may not have cell phone coverage 
 
Credit Cards – remember to inform your bank when travelling abroad. Credit cards are widely accepted by tourist hotels, but always ensure you have cash when shopping in cities and travelling in the countryside 
 
Clothing – light clothing is the most comfortable. Take good walking shoes, a day pack, T-shirts, shorts, jeans, sunhat, swimming costume, sunglasses and sunscreen. To visit temples pack long sleeved tops or pashmina to cover your shoulders, long skirts or trousers to cover your knees and easily removed flip flops. On safari take insect repellent and pack a warm fleece, hat & gloves for evening game drives, which can get cold even in summer. Rain gear is needed during the wet season. Sanitising hand cleaner/wet wipes and eye drops can be handy, especially if you wear contact lenses 
 
Accessories – pack your phone (with charger and a spare battery pack), camera (with spare memory cards and batteries – a 200 mm zoom lens is good for wildlife photography), torch and binoculars (large 8x40 is best). If you are a keen birder we suggest one pair per person, as it can be frustrating to share 
 
Plugs – type G (flat 3-pin, same as UK) and some type M (round 3-pin, same as South Africa) 
 
Books – pack a good travel guide, with information on the wildlife and birds of the region. Also a good supply of reading material for quiet evenings and when waiting for flights 
 
Water – be fastidious and only drink bottled water. Avoid washed salads, local yoghurt, ice cream and ice cubes outside your hotel, as tap water is not safe to drink. Peel all fruit before eating it 
 
Food – Sri Lanka is renowned for its spicy curries, which are served three times a day, but European food is also served throughout the country. It is world famous for its Ceylon tea, which is normally served black - so if you would like milk, you need to ask for it (and you must request cold milk, otherwise it will be served with hot milk made from powder). Vegetarian food is widely available in this Buddhist country and food allergies are well catered for 
 
Taxis – inexpensive tuk-tuks are widely used in Colombo and coastal holiday towns, but negotiate your fare before you begin your journey 
 
Self-Drive – driving is on the left, although we do not recommend self-driving in Sri Lanka 
 
Shopping – it is customary to negotiate prices aggressively. Be aware that your guide will earn a commission on any purchases you make. So you need to tell him very firmly if you don’t want to be taken to any more shops, as he will continue to do this until you make it very clear this is not what you want 
 
Safety – Sri Lanka is relatively safe, but as this is a third-world country take all sensible precautions. Leave valuable jewellery/watches at home, wear a money belt and be alert when outside your hotel. In particular, avoid taking out large wads of cash in public view and keep your spare cash in your hotel safe 
 
Respect Local Customs – this is a Buddhist country, so respect his image and dress modestly away from your hotel. Always cover your shoulders and knees when visiting temples 
 
Wild Animals – attacks by wild animals are rare, but we cannot guarantee that attacks will not occur so observe all sensible precautions. We cannot be held responsible for injuries caused during an incident with a wild animal 
 
Tipping – this is voluntary and should depend on the level of service received.We suggest the following USD per couple (or local currency equivalent), but this can be reduced for longer stays: 
- overland driver/guide: $10 per day 
- city guide: $10 per day ($5 for half day) 
- game ranger/tracker: $5/$2 per game drive 
- mahouts $1.50 per person 
- temple shoe minders: $1 
- tipping box for hotel staff: $2 per day 
- waiters: 10% if not already added to your bill 
- porters: $1 per bag.
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